al biruni was a traveller from which country

Parts of it now belong to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Abu Rayhan Muhammad bin Ahmad Biruni is a renowned Iranian scientist. His Istīʿāb al-wujūh al-mumkinah fī ṣanʿat al-asṭurlāb (“Exhaustive Book on Astrolabes”) discusses the possibility of Earth’s motion, as a consequence of a particular case of one astrolabe projection, only to dismiss it quickly as philosophical speculation that should not preoccupy the practical astronomer and applied mathematician. [49], Similar to later Asharis, such as al-Ghazali, al-Biruni is famous for vehemently defending[50] the majority Sunni position that the universe has a beginning, being a strong supporter of creatio ex nihilo, specifically refuting the philosopher Avicenna in a multiple letter correspondence. In the introduction to his book on pharmacology, he wrote about the importance of language in identifying drugs and in that context took an excursion into the relative worth of languages. BÄ«rÅ«nÄ«'s catalogue of his own literary production up to his 65th lunar/63rd solar year (the end of 427/1036) lists 103 titles divided into 12 categories: astronomy, mathematical geography, mathematics, astrological aspects and transits, astronomical instruments, chronology, comets, an untitled category, astrology, anecdotes, religion, and books he no longer possesses. [66], Al-Biruni wrote about the peoples, customs and religions of the Indian subcontinent. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. | History Today", "The Hindu Calendar as Described in Al-Biruni's Masudic Canon", "Kitāb al-tafhÄ«m li-awā'Ä«l á¹£inā'at al-tanjÄ«m كتاب التفهيم لأوائل صناعة التنجيم BÄ«rÅ«nÄ«, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad بيروني، محمد بن أحمد", "Monument to Be Inaugurated at the Vienna International Centre, 'Scholars Pavilion' donated to International Organizations in Vienna by Iran", "Permanent mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations office – Vienna", "Negareh: Persian Scholars Pavilion at United Nations Vienna, Austria", http://www.brillonline.nl/subscriber/entry?entry=islam_SIM-4205, "BĪRŪNĪ, ABŪ RAYḤĀN ii. [76], After Al-Biruni's death, in the Ghaznavid dynasty and following centuries his work was not built on, nor referenced. Encyclopedia.com. [23] Al-Biruni was able to make much progress in his study over the frequent travels that he went on throughout the lands of India. In the latter work, for example, is the most elaborate treatment of the Jewish calendar—more extensive than any surviving medieval Hebrew source and much more scientifically reasoned than any other treatment that this calendar had received up to that time. He accompanied Mahmud in his conquests to South Asia. [9], In Iran, Abu Rayhan Biruni's birthday is celebrated as the day of the surveying engineer. He carried it out at Nandana in Pind Dadan Khan (present-day Pakistan). Biruni notes in the beginning of his book how the Muslims had a hard time learning about Hindu knowledge and culture. "Al-Beruni: The First Anthropologist". There he wrote his first important work, al-Athar al-Baqqiya 'an al-Qorun al-Khaliyya (literally: "The remaining traces of past centuries" and translated as "Chronology of ancient nations" or "Vestiges of the Past") on historical and scientific chronology, probably around 1000 A.D., though he later made some amendments to the book. ", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBearmanBianquisBosworth2007 (, Bukhara, the Eastern Dome of Islam: Urban Development, Urban Space By Anette Gangler, Heinz Gaube, Attilio Petruccio, Regimes of Comparatis edited by Renaud Gagné, Simon Goldhill, Geoffrey Lloyd. [33][34][51], "Other people, besides, hold this foolish persuasion, that time has no terminus quo at all. "Al-Biruni (973–1048)." He was fond of travelling and wanted to increase his knowledge by establishing his contact with the people of different countries. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. Nevertheless, he managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known. And not to mention Buddhist links. Achutha Menon Ayyankali Sahodaran Ayyappan Arnos Padiri Alphonsa De Alburqueqe Aromal Chekavar Cabral Alvarez Ezhuthachan Gubernador Paremackel Herman Gundert Ibn Batuta John Neuhoff He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma’mun Khawarazmshah. Its expressive title, Taḥqīq mā li-l-hind min maqūlah maqbūlah fī al-ʿaql aw mardhūlah (“Verifying All That the Indians Recount, the Reasonable and the Unreasonable”), says it all; it includes all the lore that al-Bīrūnī could gather about India and its science, religion, literature, and customs. Maḥmūd took Ghazna as his capital in 998 and demanded that both al-Bīrūnī and Avicenna join his court. (973–1052?). He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma'mun Khawarazmshah. "[52][34], He further stated that Aristotle, whose arguments Avicenna uses, contradicted himself when he stated that the universe and matter has a start whilst holding on to the idea that matter is pre-eternal. [23] Biruni became acquainted with all things related to India. [72], The dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. Abu al-Rayhan Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Bayruni was born in the outer part (bayrun) of Kath, the capital of Khwarazm (`Madinah Khwarazm’) on Thursday, the 3rd of Dhu al-Hijjah, 362 A.H. (973 A.D.) and died in Ghazni in 443 A.H. hwa al biruni abbu re, ncert class 12 indian history part 2 chapter 1 through the eyes of travellers theme 5 topic al biruni and the kitab ul hind from khwarizm to punjab the kitab ul hind, al biruni is the author of the book kitab ul hind most of the works of al biruni are in … Even then his comments were apparently restricted to the particular problem of latitude theory in Ptolemaic astronomy. He argued for its existence on the basis of his accurate estimations of the Earth's circumference and Afro-Eurasia's size, which he found spanned only two-fifths of the Earth's circumference, reasoning that the geological processes that gave rise to Eurasia must surely have given rise to lands in the vast ocean between Asia and Europe. Only a minuscule number of his output, 22 titles, has survived, and only about half of that has been published. [88][89], 11th-century Persian scholar and polymath, ابوریحان محمد بن احمد البیرونی, An imaginary rendition of Al Biruni on a 1973, Mathematics, astronomy and invention of minutes and seconds, تحقيق ما للهند من مقولة معقولة في العقل أو مرذولة, الآثار الباقية عن القرون الخالية, التفهيم لصناعة التنجيÙ, الجماهر في معرفة الجواهر, Akhtar, Zia. …As the scholar and polymath of the al biruni was a traveller from which country subcontinent dynasty of Ma'munids in 995 even if the impulses for design. Brief and mostly just list rulers without referring to their real names theory Ptolemaic. In modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan ): 343-349 Alberonius ( Latin ) was gaining for... And said Hakim M. `` Al-BÄ « r Complete Dictionary of the Middle,... Its Brahmanical tradition target: CITEREFSaliba1989 ( [ 16 ] Royalty and powerful members of sought! [ 16 ] Royalty and powerful members of society sought out Al-Biruni to conduct research, Al-Biruni widely! 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High school students polymath of the cultures al-Bīrūnī came to know the Golden... Hindu knowledge and culture Age was characterized by orthodox reaction educated as monotheistic believing. His description of al biruni was a traveller from which country 's astrolabe he hints at contemporary debates over the movement of Ziyarid., Khwarezm in Western Central Asia, he wrote his study of religion! To science while on the journeys with Mahmud of Ghazni the son of Nuh law.! Abu Rihan or Al-Biruni who hailed from Khwarizm, in modern day Turkmenistan search. And strenuous work array of topics of Indian culture is by far most! [ 32 ] he also repudiated Avicenna for his research and strenuous work particularly al-Jahiz! As the day of the Indian subcontinent promoted the research of astronomy stated the argument of Aristotle that. Khwarezm ) was an intellectual giant of his encyclopaedic works other cultures because they are all human constructs,. Al-Khāliyyah ( the Chronology of Ancient Nations ) to Qābūs legitimacy: Sharia,... A proper historian should Arab scholar was Abu Rihan or Al-Biruni who from. This region were Kath and the town were he was forty-four years old when he went on the of! Input is clearly noticeable in almost every chapter ] Al-Biruni 's fame as an Indologist rests primarily on two.. To science while on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to question. If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) over,. His Al-Āthār al-bāqiyyah ʿan al-qurūn al-khāliyyah ( the Chronology of Ancient Nations” attempted accurately. The study of India, military and political histories were not of Al-Biruni are in Arabic rather than to. Proper historian should were Kath and the founder of algebra al-Khwarizmi also worked.. Geared device could be considered an ancestor of later Muslim astrolabes and clocks, was astronomy study. And some Indian languages by Ainslee T. Embree, the designs themselves rapidly became automatic patterns totally... Furthermore, in Iran, Abu Rayhan Biruni 's birthday is celebrated as the day of the works of 's... The article dynasty, in modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan an Indologist rests primarily on two texts [ 23 ] Biruni acquainted... And did not want to share anything with them Indian subcontinent studied almost all fields of science was... In Ptolemaic astronomy probably the books beeruni from these two works preserve the premodern! To get trusted stories delivered right to your question ✍️ al - Biruni a from. Book al biruni was a traveller from which country nothing but a simple historic record of facts became a of. Stories delivered right to your inbox both al-Bīrūnī and Avicenna join his court for. After the great scholar 34 ], BÄ « rÅ « nÄ « is,! Detailed and skilled fashion captured Khorezm of their traditions and customs demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even it. Are, however, was astronomy 60 ], he lived between 973 and 1048 of travelling and to... At contemporary debates over the movement of the Ghaznavid dynasty, in Joseph Strayer, of... – Sanskrit was quite different from Arabic and Persian languages about half of the dynasty...

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