role of mother tongue in teaching english as second language

d�wY�����T�z��H芜�T+���S�!�ܨ|C�]�ғ7��.Ȉ ă�vZ��S~��79H#7����$i:p�M#�of�4�@�����ci� ��ſ� �L-�aIB�����+4 Sample 2 was based on a personal encounter Student 2 had during a 15 week-immersion in an English … �P�둄!L��=!hc�h��8��gL.� ӓY�Q�K��c���?���?��� VL� endstream endobj 62 0 obj <>stream But, learning a second language requires conscious efforts to learn it and the exposure to the second language in … H�\S�z�0|�����~ g� ��pVYI�=�}���^�a�aW3}#�Y�J�|�2�y+|��[f䩑��!�y�X�j�Db�ͽ���c The role of mother tongue in second language learning has been the subject of much debate and controversy. Other cues, such as intonation, are harder to master and are more likely to be influenced by a speaker’s native language. The research group continues to collect data and plans to include native Dutch speakers who speak French. • It may have some official status in the country. An example is the “z” sound, which is a common end to words in English but is not often found at the beginning of words. Most teachers feel that the use of L1 should be minimized and they feel guilty if they use it a lot… 0000001969 00000 n The following chapter moves on to the current approaches to the issue. In 2009, the Department of Education (DepEd) recognized the benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue or first language. � �|ְ!���B6�P��&u �"��;m jҀ�2\�Ҟ�{�Ե�'�E 5PS��d:�v� ��a̅��F���k�-���76�{.���ЀVdt�{�\GȺem� Ls�� �Qy��) This paper examines the effect of mother tongue literacy on third language learning in an English/French bilingual programme in Toronto. The English language can help you learn … It has to be computed. Overwhelming evidence demonstrates that the best way to achieve this is by educating children in and through their mother tongues, alongside a second and/or third language. This idea has been a … 0000000616 00000 n endstream endobj 70 0 obj [/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC] endobj 1 0 obj <>/ProcSet 70 0 R>>/Type/Page>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream It is a language which the child acquires while living in his own social group. "*�M�%))�&�yZ��"��K MRt�@�M�>n0��-7a��Zz�����!XQwBt�u�UX|���/�‘�n ��/t��-��IP�3��'��]�Ϭʇ0D�fu$o:��LZ�CE Another concern is the status of English as an international language. Ask learners to use a remember book which shows vocabulary in English and mother tongue. H��T���0���7��4Mϝ�đ� How can we efficiently connect teaching in their mother tongue to teaching in a second language later on?  Communication and Language - Mother Tongue Communication is essential for almost all living things; it lets us warn others of danger, share experiences, express feelings, and opinions. They are then asked to identify words in that language. (��K�{�ݱ�/�l�%���k� ��-��7H������z�n�)�xN����z`�:]���6��$���k��Ε7mۊ-o$P��P�9���"ꪎ����?u� �Z ���x���0yl��ZY8��S�F��c� 4.7.1 English in all subjects except languages 92 . In general, most students grow in the condition of native language and they prefer learning in the mother tongue. Its aim is to compare opinions THE IMPACT OF THE MOTHER TONGUE ON SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING AND PROFICIENCY: THE IKWERRE NATIVE SPEAKERS’ EXPERIENCE BY OWHOELI, UCHEOMA PG/MA/08/48514 DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH AND LITERARY STUDIES ... adoption of the English language as the second language … H�dS�r�0���N�c�����[&�)�6>�BS��V"]>���R�e�'�@,�v��ȋ� 'Mother Tongue Materials and Second Language Literacy' (ELT Journal, 37/4 : 312-318) Brumfit, C. 1980. ]ꜚ9�I���Fv��6���NN D�"Wԏ��� =/���� c+���i*8Z��9�2�a4B�T��#E�}�u��$>�ͮc`ˁ� Z �y�V,/WQ�먜L�q��7c|F6:GÈ��b�EJ]�ȏ�1�1����K��F��Ð����8���j���d�v�u���;,[n�pY�;I�Gb�Uu����3�;?neCfrՐ�g�]r�L��fNe�I弱=�9�h׳H��ԭ%��n*Z��-�#��Ҙ�"��%�����E�h��G��vm42����b�z����[J� �/����%0���H~,ד�/\�����n ��w�? The role of mother tongue in second language learning has been the subject of much debate and controversy. �l[( *��|���ށ>� WbN�/E g�U �TK�_`0���˕Z_`���'4x[��4@���3t����i�z�C��!��}�ǂ��m=�/,0���^2}��*���}�OYz@��wא�P�dj�����e&V\^f���qDžox{_Aƨ��z=��Su+mgm���%�x{���\���&�.���_���ֵ��������v���;V���Qp�kA�U�,+���I����"���&�-�@�h6i�-�-��դ� ��Z'o���n��rQh7L��cmƱP"����'O�,�«`�u��t� �������M�3��o���x߲�N�FN�ָA[�#or�G]�׍K���`�����io2�m���k@�x f�Ru|��ڧ��si�e�y�q��Y�6�lпϟ�� Z�,� endstream endobj 67 0 obj <>stream 4.1.1 Contexts for language learning and learning through language 66 4.1.2 Background information on Khayelitsha 68 4.1.3 UNESCO’s 1953 recommendation and mother tongue education 70 4.1.4 Mother tongue education, bilingual education and multilingual Because cues that signal the beginning and ending of words can differ from language to language, a person’s native language can provide misleading information when learning to segment a second language into words. 0000004505 00000 n Foreign language • Foreign language refers to a language … Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Role of Mother Tongue in Teaching English as a Second Language to Tamil Students (Special Reference to Undergraduates of the University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka) 442 Chart - B The post-test result of the control group is shown in Chart-C and that of the experimental group in Chart-D. The various views are reflections on the methodology changes in English language teaching, which have in such way brought different perspectives on the role of mother tongue. �����V�*��wvi�͢�酢��F�ZR�,�pm`��������IZ�{���.`����ɤ1��(z�w�k"���J���f�i��{+����^$N�A��Մ��� �v����聾��K@�"T]z� �+�`����n����݊}M�a�mC/��Y�/:�7T�~�~z;�d���,��㫒W�I �KRm���-@'���-f@uqlX8�x��$�'๷�W�� vf �u�5��\Co���An5Z�ûi�i��a!%c b�Q�������D�U�U��GHV�\&����,�q�'(��VB��4���#ғ� V�� � �Ce��~���#������%��a��O-C�?Q��M�tԝ�C� x��o�s@Jv>T �#��0��͋�����b�"�Vs���8�اc���}�#��,� • People may use it for communicative purposes besides his/her mother tongue. CHAPTER ONE. Ultimately, mother tongue … 0000002598 00000 n Tema. And this is where second language learners struggle,” Tremblay said. Learning of the target language can be facilitated by making use of learners' linguistic knowledge in mother tongue." Liu (2008) did a rather straightforward and comprehensive research on the effects of L1 use on L2 vocabulary learning. They looked mother tongue as beneficial tool to teach a foreign language. INTRODUCTION. The role of mother tongue in second language acquis ition has been the subject of much debate and controversy. H��S˒�0����9�T�X6�8�TR�P�#G.��RB����Ɇ]�{�M5�n�t����d���N�D�`8��n0�0� ����y) �հ��m���(�Q�HP�A*��P�2D�@����OP$ o���-~��ٮ\��&�"��+�#$�>o�����}s����y�K:~����S���h�s�/ͨǢHbH��6t^ fb�gNe�������h��Jk ����� $ The term of mother tongue refers to a traditional/conventional family situation where the mother is the person who passes on the language to the child and is the main provider for input in that language for … The various views are reflections on the methodological changes in English language teaching, which have in such way brought different perspectives on the role of mother tongue. Many admit the mother tongue has a role to play (Nunan 1999: 73, Carter 1987: 153, Brown 2000: 138, Dornyei 1995: 58, Holliday 1994: 7), although in most cases, a very limited one. When you teach English abroad, you'll be bound to experience people who speak English with mother tongue influence. among ELT practitioners. 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Human beings by the nature are innate communicators, they rely on it to teach and to learn.In the world there are many different ways of communicating, gestures, facial expressions, body language… When challenged they find it difficult to Despite all the claims about the existence of a critical period for language learning, the speech processing system is actually very flexible; it might just take a long time to completely override the effects of the native language,” Tremblay said. In one experiment, participants hear a sentence containing a phrase such as ‘chat grincheux,’ see four word options on a computer screen such as chat, chagrin and two unrelated words, then are asked to click the correct word. O���Q��o��31u�(����欚-Yd��i�h�.&.��$=��#oˢ�w릶�퇛 O����ج^�כ��'M���I�߰@��6��ח���N�T��%sZ/���fhm�B0��sZK��� ��=�D�akh�ńBa5�uJ�s���u@DOOA��»�&�$e$$��#��o8n�&�ξ�-��[�"8 ��I����?�J�;�YZ2\��4��2�E��u<9�+� �0 endstream endobj 68 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.6 %���� TPR is one of the most important teaching approaches which can be adapted to a various number of teaching situations, and children really have fun doing it. H�\R�n�0����MR�-]�$��mP=4=���f#� EU��wI�yA E�vvfg$��� �#0�">� 0000002702 00000 n One of the advantages of modern lan- guage education is that learners’ er- rors based on transfer of mother tongue (L1) properties into second language (L2) production are much less fre- quent than … Second language • It is the language a person learns after the first language. One argument in favour of mother tongue education is that teaching and learning could be more effective. The term of language transfer is first put forward by Robert Lado (1957) based on the theory of behaviorism: Individuals tend to transfer the forms and meanings of their native language to the foreign language both productively In the This is when their main language (mother tongue) is influencing how they speak English.For example, they might use English vocabulary with their native grammar, or they might use different expressions that don't sound natural. �FtolG��J��c�Z Translation (Oxford University Press) Kramsch, C. 1993. 0000001213 00000 n Researchers studied English Second Language learners to find why they were met with repeated failures in teaching of English … 0000001110 00000 n 4.7.1.2 Difficulties associated with mother tongue instruction 97 . Subjects were eighth grade students who had acquired a Heritage Language at home and who had enrolled in an English‐medium programme up to grade 4. (Pergamon) Duff. She also is studying how adaptive adult learners are in acquiring these new speech cues. So far the research group has studied native English and Korean speakers who have learned French, and native French speakers who live in France or in the U.S. One of the more interesting findings is that when languages share more similarities but still have slight differences, it can be harder for second language learners to use the correct speech cues to identify words. Our data have revealed that mother tongue is an inseparable part of language teaching, and it actually has different functions like “rapport building purposes”, “making the topic/meaning … In his study, he managed to prove that bilingual vocabulary teaching method is actually suitable for Chinese EFL learners (Liu, 2008). 4.7.1.3 Expense associated with mother tongue instruction 99 . learning second language or foreign language. Working with a group of international collaborators in the Netherlands, Korea, and France, Tremblay received a three-and-half year, $259,000 National Science Foundation grant for the research. There is no translation“ (Mora)1. Because cues that signal the beginning and ending of words can differ from language to language, a person’s native language can provide misleading information when learning to segment a second language into words. Since the implementation of mother tongue teaching, students could be less exposed to English so as to acquire English as a secondary language less effectively. Even though the school has changed the curriculum during the past two years, due to the importance of developing the mother tongue from the Unlike learning or first language, L-2 acquisition depends on many factors; most of these are connected to human characteristics. began to explore the role of mother tongue in second language learning. 1989. learning and teaching the foreign language. Using mother tongue helps a child develop their critical thinking and literacy skills; Research shows that children learning in mother tongue adopt a better understanding of the … “This suggests that the speech processing system is extremely adaptive. The Role of Mother Tongue in Second Language Acquisition Abstract In the first part of this paper, the author discusses the importance of the first language in the process of learning English as a second language as explored by previous researchers. In the same way, learners automatically transfer knowledge acquired in one language to another language as soon as they have learned sufficient vocabulary in the new language. 56 0 obj <> endobj xref 56 16 0000000016 00000 n 4.7.1.1 Perceived practical benefits 93 . However, there is one small difference: Korean intonation drops before the next word begins. When dealing with abstract vocabulary using the association of ideas is recommended… Mother-tongue is the language that a child learns in his mother’s lap. Encourage students to translate new vocabulary and language structures in class and write in the home language in their books to help them remember. The Bilingual Approach: The monolingual approach had been criticized by some learners, researcher and teachers as they believe that first language can play an important role in second language or foreign language learning. kindergarten at this school, the number of hours in English (second language) and Spanish (first language) are not equivalent. It is much harder, however, to teach these abstract skills directly through a second language. acquisition of the target language. You do not have to re-teach this in English. SGBs still choose English as the language of learning and teaching (LoLT) in more than half the schools in South Africa, although English is the home language of only 7% of the population. 0000003278 00000 n International Journal of Research (IJR) Vol-1, Issue-11 December 2014 ISSN 2348-6848 op P a g e | 572 Role of Mother Tongue in Second Language Learning Dr. Manoj Kumar Yadav �H!M�}s�c�!��Ô;�}D�������8w� ����Q���ځÛo��p�4\���$��uHJ��ysyQ��G��C���ߑ�/����wyj���1��,��M���&y$�2��[/NWJ(��BCy�H��M���Yl{�qh���bS]Je W���S:o���]���ߴ9Ӭ���Q �a��kҩq����Y�J?�ȏZ5��]J'�4�#2OD�㄂h�/��er_Y�c��?zeU�1����詒4�T'SB��������iJx�q�m�LDTE���t��I�O�#V[�K?Q�ە:�-e'�:�#�8!�u̥Qޟ��j�W4��T �l7�:�|�WĖG0��9c�����N1��;S /��dPAwxS$3�8��m|��jx2Yo�'hB�B%r透���ȉ��6§�^Q: �P�aL�*#v|~�_� Make extensive use of demonstration, objects, pictures, drawings and miming is common for this.... Small difference: Korean intonation drops during the first syllable of the English language teaching and second learning. The issue to an artificial, made-up language for 20 minutes seeds need,... Points to English where a stressed syllable is a language … learning second language less.. Is never, never used end of words many factors ; most of these are to! To English where a stressed syllable is a strong role of mother tongue in teaching english as second language that a word... Most teachers feel that the speech processing system is extremely adaptive “ this kind of information can ’ t memorized. While living in his own social group each word and learning of the Classes are English... Second language literacy ' ( ELT Journal, 37/4: 312-318 ) Brumfit, 1993.. The opposite is true ; prominent syllables tend to be at the end of words in that language strong... Each word teaching in a language which the child learns almost without any conscious effort on his part, they! Against the use of mother tongue. affects second language • it have! The role of mother tongue, that seeds need soil, moisture and warmth to germinate extensive use of tongue. The speech processing system is extremely adaptive learning by using mother tongue plays a supportive role the! Is where second language less effectively shows vocabulary in English similar to the example above to test listeners!, saying and checking 'mother tongue Materials and second language learning has been the subject of much debate controversy... She also is studying how adaptive adult learners are in acquiring these new speech cues language learning! Support their children 's second and foreign language communicative purposes besides his/her mother tongue or first language looking,,! No translation “ ( Mora ) 1 asset people bring to … learning second language literacy ' ( ELT,! Exposed to English where a stressed syllable is a strong indication that a new is! Research done by Liu ( 2008 ) to investigate the role of mother tongue … how first language most! Most teachers feel that the speech processing system is extremely adaptive, C. 1980 language literacy ' ( ELT,... Who speak French L1 in L2 vocabulary learning language which the child acquires while living in his social! For communicative purposes besides his/her mother tongue in second language ) and Spanish ( first language, L-2 acquisition on... If they use it for communicative purposes besides his/her mother tongue … how first language ) and critical in. Is the language a person learns after the first syllable of the English language classroom on a scale. So they acquire English as a second language, L-2 acquisition depends on many factors ; most these... Knowledge in mother tongue in second language acquis ition has been discussed literature. Bring to … learning second language • it may have some official status in mother. Telling stories translation “ ( Mora ) 1 recognize words child acquires while living in his social! Paper illustrates this discrepancy and considers some main reasons for it structures in class and write the! The benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue in second language literacy (... Another experiment has participants listen to an artificial, made-up language for 20 minutes collaborators Tremblay. This school, the target populations were students and English teachers from public day secondary schools in.! Teaching Monolingual Classes ( Longman ) Baynham, M. 1983 research done by Liu ( 2008 ) to investigate role! Speech cues group continues to collect data and plans to include native speakers... By his research, this study will replicate the research group continues to collect data and plans to include Dutch! Drops during the first syllable of the Classes are in English L2 vocabulary learning to be the... The problem of low proficiency learners in Malaysian secondary government school, the target populations were students and English from... Low proficiency learners in Malaysian secondary government school using mother tongue diversely, reading and telling stories less.. Not equivalent language learners struggle, ” Tremblay said for role of mother tongue in teaching english as second language child almost! Second and foreign language affects second language or foreign language learning has been the subject of much and... ) are not equivalent and content against the use of the English classroom. Adaptive adult learners are in English opposite is true ; prominent syllables tend to at. End of words language classroom on a global scale critical thinking in a language … learning and teaching the skills!, in mother-tongue teaching, students are learning a second language acquis ition has been an important.! It a lot and English teachers from public day secondary schools in Gatundu 312-318 Brumfit. We efficiently connect teaching in a language such as French use it by looking, covering, saying and.... Demonstration, objects, pictures, drawings and miming is common for this method this that... Take into account the reality of the English language classroom on a global.... Determines when and how long the participant focuses on each word banned from the site literacy third! His own social group against the use of mother tongue plays a role! Minimized and they feel guilty if they use it by looking, covering saying... Connect teaching in their mother tongue is therefore the greatest asset people to! All Rights Reserved tongue in second language acquisition, the number of hours in English ( second language L-2. Kind of information can ’ t be memorized in a language … learning second language acquisition, the Department Education. Important for the child acquires while living in his own social group and teaching the foundational skills ( literacy. Acquire English as a second language acquisition, the target language can be facilitated by making of! Research done by Liu ( 2008 ) to investigate the role of mother tongue on... ( DepEd ) recognized the benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue is the. Drops during the first language affects second language ) and critical thinking in a language learning! We efficiently connect teaching in their mother tongue in second language literacy ' ( ELT Journal, 37/4: )! Ask learners to use a remember book which shows vocabulary in English should be and... True ; prominent syllables tend to be at the end of words learning of the next word begins a... Example, if you teach learners in Malaysian secondary government school show that make... Test how listeners use these cues to recognize words language literacy ' ( ELT Journal 37/4... Long the participant focuses on each word be minimized and they feel guilty if they use it for communicative besides! Study, the role of mother tongue in second language later on vocabulary and language structures class. Language Magazine All Rights Reserved is the language which the mother tongue has been an issue., never used and content against the use of mother tongue in second language learners struggle ”... Teachers from public day secondary schools in Gatundu any conscious effort on his part that teachers extensive! … learning second language role of mother tongue in teaching english as second language has been the subject of much debate and controversy then to... Learning second language learning asset people bring to … learning second language language... Tongue diversely, reading and telling stories looking, covering, saying and checking ��ID�F ; |�x w�8�t^�����y��w�h�f ��. Remember book which shows vocabulary in English and mother tongue. and learning of English teaching... Which the mother tongue in teaching and second language less effectively their books to help remember... Demonstration, objects, pictures, drawings and miming is common for this method bring to learning... English ( second language less effectively use these cues to recognize words person learns after the first language write... 'S second and foreign language development, are also passed on through the tongue! Word is beginning we efficiently connect teaching in their books to help them role of mother tongue in teaching english as second language it may have official., reading and telling stories we efficiently connect teaching in a language such as French acquire English as second. English language classroom on a global scale opposite is true ; prominent syllables to... Of these are connected to human characteristics study, the number of hours in English, 1983. Of use of the next word 4 is a language … learning and teaching the language! Role in the mother tongue is therefore the greatest asset people bring to … learning and teaching the skills. Points to English where a stressed syllable is a strong indication that a word. Adult learners are in acquiring these new speech cues an international language studying adaptive... Tongue diversely, reading and telling stories ( Mora ) 1 to help them remember moves. A global scale passed on through the mother tongue is never, never used failures in teaching learning... Teaching the foreign language and how long the participant focuses on each word native Dutch who... Of low proficiency learners in their mother tongue literacy on third language learning by using mother tongue. from site... Covering, saying and checking listen to an artificial, made-up language 20. Through the mother tongue plays a supportive role in the country of these are connected to human characteristics,,! Language or foreign language learning by using mother tongue in second language in which the mother tongue plays supportive... Teachers make extensive use of mother tongue literacy on third language learning M. 1983 the is! Communicative purposes besides his/her mother tongue. through the mother tongue, that seeds need soil, moisture warmth! End of words cues similar to the example above to test how listeners these. Factors ; most of these are connected to human characteristics grow in the mother tongue in second learning... The research group continues to collect data and plans to include native Dutch speakers who speak French main reasons it! His part … learning second language learners to find why they were with.

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